Magento – lock administration to specific country

Brute force attacks on Magenta administration are also very common issue, like with WordPress, well maybe a little less :). If you can’t lock your administrations on specific fixed IP addresses, than you can probably lock administration so that is accessible only from your country. Russia and China for example, are countries from which those kind of attacks are very common. So it is good idea to block them.

For this example, I’m doing this on Apache 2.4 with GeoIP module installed. Before you proceed, you should have installed geoip.

To have Magento administration accessible only from Germany (for example), add code bellow to your apache vhost configuration. This geoip was installed on CentOS 7, you should change path to GeoIP.dat accordingly to your installation. You should also change country code to the one that you want access from.

GeoIPEnable On
GeoIPDBFile /usr/share/GeoIP/GeoIP.dat
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{ENV:GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE} !^DE$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^/(index.php/)?admin/? [NC]
RewriteRule .* - [R=403,L]

Directadmin – auto block IP with firewall on FreeBSD

I wanted to block IP adressess which Directadmin recognized as source of brute force attacks. There is documentation about this for Linux and FreeBSD. I’m using PF as firewall on my system and not IPFW. There is only documentation how to create this with IPFW. So here is a little tweak and IP’s are blocked with PF automatically. Here is how:

In /etc/pf.conf create new table spammers that will persist on file /etc/spammers.

table  persist file “/etc/spammers”

Create block rule so that IP addresses from spammers table will be blocked. Ifext is my network card so change this to your needs.

block drop in quick on $ifext from  to any

In /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/custom/ create new script block_ip.sh and add code below.

#!/bin/sh
echo “Blocking $ip with pf …
”;
pfctl -t spammers -T add $ip
echo $ip >> /etc/spammers
exit $?

As you can see we are using command pfctl -t spammers -T add $ip which is PF syntax. When IP will be recorded it will be immediately added to table spammers and file /etc/spammers that we’ll create in next step. When pf restarts, rule is deleted from ram. But in this case IP is also stored in file /etc/spammers so it will be loaded in spammers table.

Create file /etc/spammers and save it. Thats were blocked IP’s will save.
This script must be manualy started from Directadmin administration. We can make it to run automatically. In /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/custom/ create another script named brute_force_notice_ip.sh. As specified in directadmin documentation you do that like so:

cd /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/custom
wget http://files.directadmin.com/services/all/brute_force_notice_ip.sh
chmod 700 brute_force_notice_ip.sh

IP’s that are listed as source of brute force attacks will now be automaticly blocked with PF.

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