Directadmin – x509: certificate signed by unknown authority – Letsencrypt

DST Root CA X3 expired on September 30, 2021. Because of this I got invalid certificate error when visiting Directadmin login in Chrome. Certificate itself was valid. CA certificate is problem. What you have to do is update system CA certificates. Also update letsencrypt via custombuild if you didn’t already.

Error was:

[root@server]# /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/letsencrypt.sh renew my.server.com
Setting up certificate for a hostname: my.server.com
2021/09/30 14:49:15 Could not create client: get directory at 'https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory': Get "https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory": x509: certificate signed by unknown authority
Certificate generation failed.

You have to update system CA certificates ( Centos in this case ):

[root@server ~]# yum install ca-certificates -y
....
[root@server ~]# update-ca-trust

Then try to create new certificate for server hostname:

[root@server]# /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/letsencrypt.sh request_single my.server.com 4096
Setting up certificate for a hostname: my.server.com
2021/09/30 14:51:50 [INFO] [my.server.com] acme: Obtaining SAN certificate
2021/09/30 14:51:51 [INFO] [my.server.com] AuthURL: https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/acme/authz-v3/35702261650
2021/09/30 14:51:51 [INFO] [my.server.com] acme: Could not find solver for: tls-alpn-01
2021/09/30 14:51:51 [INFO] [my.server.com] acme: use http-01 solver
2021/09/30 14:51:51 [INFO] [my.server.com] acme: Trying to solve HTTP-01
2021/09/30 14:51:57 [INFO] [my.server.com] The server validated our request
2021/09/30 14:51:57 [INFO] [my.server.com] acme: Validations succeeded; requesting certificates
2021/09/30 14:52:01 [INFO] [my.server.com] Server responded with a certificate.
Certificate for my.server.com has been created successfully!
DirectAdmin certificate has been setup.
...

Directadmin – ModSecurity: Request body (Content-Length) is larger than the configured limit (13107200)

I had problem with uploading files on Directadmin server with mod_security enabled. I set upload_max_filesize and post_max_size to 64M, and still recived error like this:

[Wed Aug 04 23:31:30.320425 1912] [:error] [pid 1418987:tid 140666332325632] [client 89.212.96.1:64983] [client 89.212.96.1] ModSecurity: Request body (Content-Length) is larger than the configured limit (13107200). [hostname "www.geekytuts.net"] [uri "/wp-admin/async-upload.php"] [unique_id "YQpCUpEZgUlp9rxIlbunrAAAnTQ"], referer: https://www.geekytuts.net/wp-admin/media-new.php

I found out that this behavior is not caused by any mod_security rules (Free ModSecurity Rules from Comodo) but by directive SecRequestBodyLimit setting . Default value is 12.5M and since I set 64M for file uploads, I changed this value the same – in bytes.

File which you want to modify is /etc/httpd/conf/extra/httpd-modsecurity.conf. In my case, I modifyed like this:

SecRequestBodyLimit 67108864
SecRequestBodyNoFilesLimit 1048576

Directadmin – Unrouteable address error on incoming mail

I had this stupid error the other day on Directadmin. I upgraded Exim to the latest version and then all mail sent to address@email.com which was on this server was bounced with the error “Unrouteable address”. From the past, I knew that errors like this can be due to exceeded mail limit. But in this case, this was happening only for one mail out of 50 others, and no limits were reached.

After some searching, I found out that there was an alias pointing to the email address itself, which was causing this error. I removed the forwarder (alias) and incoming mail started to work again on this mailbox.

2021-05-09 20:53:28 H=([1.1.1.1]) [2.2.2.2] F=<us11-99cb50d256-903kjsd32113@inbound.mailchimp.com> rejected RCPT <address@email.com>: Unrouteable address

So I had mail forwarder like:
address@email.com -> address@email.com

So when dealing with such an error, just remove the alias like described above.

Directadmin – install Drush locally – drush: command not found

This is how you can install Drush locally and make drush command localy on specific user.

  • First go to root directory of user and login with this user
    [root@da ~]# cd /home/mydrush/
    [root@da mydrush]# su mydrush
  • Install drush via composer
    [mydrush@da mydrush]$ composer require drush/drush
    Using version ^10.4 for drush/drush
    ./composer.json has been created
    Running composer update drush/drush
    Loading composer repositories with package information
    Updating dependencies
    ...
  • Create alias to drush for this user. Open file .bashrc and add line bellow to it and save. Then run source.
    # User specific environment and startup programs
    export PATH="$HOME/vendor/bin:$PATH"
    
    [mydrush@da mydrush]$ source .bashrc
    
  • This is it
    [mydrush@da mydrush]$ drush version
    Drush version : 10.4.3

Special thanks to Adrian

Directadmin – auto assign custom authorized_keys for newly created users – SSH access

I setup a Directadmin server which was primary for website hosting. Separating every project with new DirectAdmin user is a good practice security vise. If one website/project is hacked, other sites that are with different users are safe. But creating new users and then set up ssh keys that are allowed for every user can be time consumedly. In this case, ssh public keys were the same for every user as only developers were able to ssh connect to user account. I created a simple script that will create .ssh directory and authorized_keys with public keys for every user.

  • First, create script  user_create_post.sh inside /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/custom/.
  • Create template file with all ssh  public keys that should be assign to every new user. I created file /usr/local/directadmin/data/custom-authorized_keys
  • Add this content to the script:
    #!/bin/sh

    mkdir /home/$username/.ssh
    chown $username:$username /home/$username/.ssh
    cp /usr/local/directadmin/data/custom-authorized_keys /home/$username/.ssh/authorized_keys
    chown $username:$username /home/$username/.ssh/authorized_keys
    chmod 600 /home/$username/.ssh/authorized_keys

    echo "SSH keys added!"

    exit 0;
  • Give this script execution rights
    chmod +x /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/custom/user_create_post.sh

That is it. Every time a new user is created, .ssh directory with authorized_keys will be created inside user’s home account.

Directadmin – get disk size information for every email account on your server/user

If you want to get information about how much of disk is consuming every email account on your Directadmin server, then you can use this command.

[root@post ~]# find /home/*/imap/*/*/ -maxdepth 1 -type d -exec du -sh {} \; | awk -F '/' {'print $6"@"$5 " -> " $1'}
info@domain1.si -> 60K
test@domain1.si -> 60K
lala@domain1.ba -> 529M
info@somedomain.ba -> 529M
igor@somedomain.eu -> 772K
...

If you would want for every email account of some specific user, than you can use this:

[root@post ~]# find /home/user1/imap/*/*/ -maxdepth 1 -type d -exec du -sh {} \; | awk -F '/' {'print $6"@"$5 " -> " $1'}
info@domain1.si -> 1.3G
test2@domain1.it -> 1.3G
igor@test.si -> 68M
...

Simple, but it can save some time 🙂

Directadmin restore error: “your_user” is not a valid username

I had this weird error when I tried to restore some directadmin accounts on new server. Majority of accounts were restored successfully, but some returned this error:

user1 is not a valid username
user2 is not a valid username

I tried many things and than found out that there is default setting for username length in directadmin configuration max_username_length. Default value is 10, so if your username of account that you are trying to restore is larger than 10 characters, error will be returned. You have to edit directadmin configuration and set this variable.

[root@mx ~]# vi /usr/local/directadmin/conf/directadmin.conf

then edit max_username_length to larger value. I my example 20.

max_username_length=20

Fix high server load and memory/cpu consumption of clamd ( ClamAV )

I had troubles with one of Directadmin servers which was constantly loading because clamd process. When executing top command, clamd was always top on the list. As I researched, there is no way you can limit ClamAV’s memory and CPU consumption via its configuration itself. This is how you do it.

What you have to do is limit clamd within startup script, so that clamd will start with some limitations.

Just open ClamAV startup script. I this case CentOS 7:

vi /etc/systemd/system/clamd.service

Then add this lines. Of course change according to your needs.

IOSchedulingPriority = 7
CPUSchedulingPolicy = 5
MemoryLimit=256M
CPUQuota=30%
Nice = 19

Your startup script should now look something like this:

[Unit]
Description = Generic clamav scanner daemon
After = syslog.target nss-lookup.target network.target

[Service]
Type = simple
ExecStartPre=-/bin/mkdir -p /var/run/clamd
ExecStartPre=-/bin/chown -R clamav:clamav /var/run/clamd
ExecStart = /usr/local/sbin/clamd --foreground=yes
Restart = on-failure
PrivateTmp = true
IOSchedulingPriority = 7
CPUSchedulingPolicy = 5
MemoryLimit=256M
CPUQuota=30%
Nice = 19

[Install]
WantedBy = multi-user.target

Directadmin – instal imagick (ImageMagick PHP module) with pecl – multi php

It’s amazingly simple. If you have multi PHP instances installed, go to bin directory of the one for which you want to install imagick module. In this example, I’ll install it on php version 7.3. This is CentOS 7 with Directadmin. You don’t need custombuild in this procedure.

Go to PHP bin directory:
[root@wutang4eva ~]# cd /usr/local/php73/bin/

Then just install imagick module likeå this:
[root@wutang4eva bin]# ./pecl install imagick

If php_ini is not set, then add extension to your php.ini manualy:
Add extension=imagick.so to /usr/local/php73/lib/php.ini

Restart php-fpm for php version - if you are using fpm of coruse:
systemctl restart php-fpm73.service

Check if imagick is installed:
[root@wutang4eva bin]# ./php73 -m | grep imag
imagick

If you want on other PHP versions, just do the same for each version you need imagick on.

I hope this helps.

Invalid characters in mail autoresponder/vacation messages – DirectAdmin

One client complained about invalid characters that customers was getting on clients mail autoreply message. Because of special characters, mail was wrongly formated. When I try and enter correct text in autoresponder form, when save and opened again, wrong characters were shown.

This is simple to solve. You have to set correct encoding for Directadmin theme that is used. In my case, default “enhanced” theme was used so I edited accordingly:

vi /usr/local/directadmin/data/skins/enhanced/lang/en/lf_standard.html

Then find variable “LANG_ENCODING” and correct it to your needs. In my case:

LANG_ENCODING=UTF-8

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