NGINX: rewrite non-www to www for multi domain virtual hosts

If you have NGINX virtual host that has a multi different domains pointing to same document root (multi server_name), and you want to automatically redirect non-www to www, than bellow is simple solution. I also wanted to redirect to https with www.

If you don’t need https redirection, than you can simply use variable $scheme instead of “https:”. 

if ( $host !~ ^www\. ) {
            return 302 https://www.$host$request_uri;
}

So virtual host should look something like this:

server {
      listen 1.1.1.1:80;
      server_name domain1.com www.domain1.com domain2.com www.domain2.com;

      if ( $host !~ ^www\. ) {
           return 302 https://www.$host$request_uri;
      }
      return 302 https://$host$request_uri;
}

You should also make this redirect in your https server definition. otherwise request for https://domain1.com won’t redirect to www.

server {
      listen 1.1.1.1:443;
      server_name domain1.com www.domain1.com domain2.com www.domain2.com;
      if ( $host !~ ^www\. ) {
              return 302 https://www.$host$request_uri;
      }

      ssl on;
      ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/domains.com/fullchain.pem;
      ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/domains.com/privkey.pem;

      .... //other nginx configuration ....
}

Nice way to do HTTP to HTTPS redirection with Apache .htaccess

I had some sites on shared hosting environment for which I had to do http to https redirection with .htaccess file. I did 302 redirection intentionally so that in case of error, browser doesn’t cache redirection. You can aslo make permanent 301 redirect if needed.

This is nice and simple way to do it:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=302]

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